Cyber terrorism: As technology is evolving into something more powerful than ever expected, the challenges in controlling are also increasing. The way we are continuously moving towards a society which is even more reliant on technology, the threat posed on nations from terrorists is no longer limited to physical but also expands to our digital world. Nowadays, Information Technology (IT) security is an important concern for governments around the world.

And in such a world, where many of us utilise technology for our own benefit, in aiding and supporting our lives in many different ways, it also introduces many different risks and vulnerabilities to our society. Those who use information technology to commit crimes and acts of terror pose an alarming threat across the globe. The lines of an acts of cyber terrorism, cybercrime and ‘Hacktivism’ are often connected.

Posed threats

Cyber terrorism: Cyber terrorist attacks are through the roof now. Ransomware and Malwares are attacking corporations, hospitals and individuals. Printers are being hacked and are being used to take down the world’s largest websites. Simply we can say that the internet has become a mess. It poses a direct threat to a nations’ most critical infrastructures and also makes ITs a low-cost warfare element.

Almost all the countries are aware of the vulnerability that information technologies create and the importance of protecting their critical infrastructures. To counteract these potentially disastrous cyber attack threats, policymakers are increasingly studying and researching on the use of deterrence strategies to supplement cyber defense. Countries are working on developing their own national policies combact Cyberterrorism and Hacking.

Cyber terrorism: Several corporate giants talk about preventing hacking, Let’s see what they say. According to Apple CEO “hackers will have a chance at winning the huge payout this autumn- a sum that is by far the highest bug bounty on offer from any major tech company”. This is called Bug Bounty, in this government or private organisations give rewards to the hackers to identify potential weak spots in their project. And yes this can be a solution to such a problem.

When we talk about solutions to such problems, we cannot just ask someone to protect us. We need to understand the fact that these threats not only effects globally, but also put an individual’s privacy under threat. So here are some solutions that can possibly increase protection and reduce the harm.

1.# Maintain basic standards

Cyber terrorism: For any organization, whether government or any private body, basic infrastructure needs to be maintained in a way that it can cope up with hackers. This can be done by encouraging private organizations to defend themselves better.

2.# Increase Digital Education Initiatives

Cyber terrorism: To minimize ransomware attacks, agencies and governments can educate the public through digital mediums. This can include a web-based platform with detailed guidelines that businesses can take to prevent themselves from these crimes. In a country like India, where digital literacy is very low, this puts those people and organizations in a more vulnerable group. And in such a scenario, the government needs to educate ordinary people as well as their employees to understand the risk these attack pose. For now, at least working on digital literacy is a must.

3.# Employ hackers to identify weak spots

Cyber terrorism: Government agencies know very well about the Dark web. They know that these hackers play their games in the dark side. Employing them can be one big solution. We can be provided with some essential insights, that can be helpful for the government. Through their information, the government can design their digital infrastructure. But this is not an easy task, convincing them to work for the government is a big thing. As they also know the potential threat, agencies pose on them. But it can be done, the government needs to find the ways to make this happen.

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